Jewish Holidays

FOR 2013-2014

5774-5775

Remember, all Jewish holidays begin at sundown the night before.
Holiday
2014

2015

Purim March 16 March 5
Pesach (Passover) April 15 April 4
Unleavened Bread April 16-22   April 5-11
First Fruits April 20 April 12
Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day) April 27-28 April 15-16
Yom Ha-Atzma’ut (Independence Day) May 5-6 April 22-23
Yom Yerushalim (Jerusalem Day) May 28 May 17-18
Shavuot (Weeks) June 4-5 May 24-25
Tisha B’Av August 5 July 26
Rosh HaShanah (Feast of Trumpets) Sept 25-26 Sept 13-15
Yom Kipper (Day of Atonement) October 3-4 Sept 22-23
Sukkuth (Tabernacles) October 9-15 Sept 27 – Oct 4
Simchat Torah September 17 October 5-6
Hanukkah (Feast of Dedication) Dec 17-24 Dec 6-14

TWO CALENDARS

The Jewish people have two calendars. First there is the religious calendar that begins with Nisan (March-April) and ends with the month of Adar (February-March). In Exodus 12:2Nisan is to be the first month of the year (before the Babylon Captivity it was called Aviv). The second calendar is the secular calendar, which begins with Tishri (Sept-Oct). This would be the 7th month, according to the religious calendar and ends with the month of Elul (August-Sept). This calendar began after the Babylon Captivity and has continued in use to this present day.
In looking at the religious and national holidays, we will be looking at feasts and fasts that God ordained in the life of Israel. Also, we will see that there are several other feasts that have a Biblical, historical and national background that are celebrated by Jewish people today.
To get the Biblical background of the religious holidays read Leviticus 23 which gives you all the Feasts of the Lord and what He told Israel what to do on those feast and fast days.
Leviticus 23
The Lord spoke again to Moses, saying,
2 Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘The Lord’s appointed times which you shall proclaim as holy convocations– My appointed times are these:’
3 ‘For six days work may be done; but on the seventh day there is a Sabbath of complete rest, a holy convocation. You shall not do any work; it is a Sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings.’

Lord’s Passover First month – 14th Day

4 ‘These are the appointed times of the Lord, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them.’
5 ‘In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is the Lord’s Passover.’
Feast of Unleavened Bread First month – 15th Day
6 ‘Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.’
7 ‘On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’
8 ‘But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.’

Feast of First Fruits Day after the Passover Sabbath

9 Then the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
10 ‘Speak to the sons of Israel, and say to them, ‘When you enter the land which I am going to give to you and reap its harvest, then you shall bring in the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest.’
11 ‘And he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord for you to be accepted; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.’
12 ‘Now on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb one year old without defect for a burnt offering to the Lord.’
13 ‘Its grain offering shall then be two-tenths [of an ephah] of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering by fire to the Lord [for] a soothing aroma, with its libation, a fourth of a hin of wine.’
14 ‘Until this same day, until you have brought in the offering of your God, you shall eat neither bread nor roasted grain nor new growth. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.’

Feast of Weeks – Shavuot – Pentecost

50 Days after the Passover Sabbath

15 ‘You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete Sabbaths.’
16 ‘You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall present a new grain offering to the Lord.’
17 ‘You shall bring in from your dwelling places two [loaves] of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths [of an ephah]; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the Lord.’
18 ‘Along with the bread, you shall present seven one year old male lambs without defect, and a bull of the herd, and two rams; they are to be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their libations, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the Lord.’
19 ‘You shall also offer one male goat for a sin offering and two male lambs one year old for a sacrifice of peace offerings.’
20 ‘The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering with two lambs before the Lord; they are to be holy to the Lord for the priest.’
21 ‘On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.’

Four Month Interval

22 ‘When you reap the harvest of your land, moreover, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field, nor gather the gleaning of your harvest; you are to leave them for the needy and the alien. I am the Lord your God.’

Feast of Trumpets – Rosh Hashana

Seventh month – 1st Day

23 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
24 ‘Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘In the seventh month on the first of the month, you shall have a rest, a reminder by blowing [of trumpets], a holy convocation.’
25 ‘You shall not do any laborious work, but you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord.”

Day of Atonement – Yom Kippur

Seventh month – 10th Day

26 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
27 ‘On exactly the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be a holy convocation for you, and you shall humble your souls and present an offering by fire to the Lord.’
28 ‘Neither shall you do any work on this same day, for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement on your behalf before the Lord your God.’
29 ‘If there is any person who will not humble himself on this same day, he shall be cut off from his people.’
30 ‘As for any person who does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people.’
31 ‘You shall do no work at all. It is to be a perpetual statute throughout your generations in all your dwelling places.’
32 ‘It is to be a Sabbath of complete rest to you, and you shall humble your souls; on the ninth of the month at evening, from evening until evening you shall keep your Sabbath.’

Feast of Tabernacles – Booth

Seventh month – 15th Day

33 Again the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,
34 ‘Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘On the fifteenth of this seventh month is the Feast of Booths for seven days to the Lord.’
35 ‘On the first day is a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work of any kind.’
36 ‘For seven days you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord. On the eighth day you shall have a holy convocation and present an offering by fire to the Lord; it is an assembly. You shall do no laborious work.’
37 ‘These are the appointed times of the Lord which you shall proclaim as holy convocations, to present offerings by fire to the Lord– burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and libations, [each] day’s matter on its own day–‘
38 ‘besides [those of] the Sabbaths of the Lord, and besides your gifts, and besides all your votive and freewill offerings, which you give to the Lord.’
39 ‘On exactly the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the crops of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the Lord for seven days, with a rest on the first day and a rest on the eighth day.’
40 ‘Now on the first day you shall take for yourselves the foliage of beautiful trees, palm branches and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God for seven days.’
41 ‘You shall thus celebrate it [as] a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It [shall be] a perpetual statute throughout your generations; you shall celebrate it in the seventh month.’
42 ‘You shall live in booths for seven days; all the native-born in Israel shall live in booths,’
43 ‘so that your generations may know that I had the sons of Israel live in booths when I brought them out from the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.”
44 So Moses declared to the sons of Israel the appointed times of the Lord.